Traditional music from around the world with 240 instruments on display in Monreal, Alcalá and Albarracín

Alcala de la Selva International Folklore Festival celebrates its 30th anniversary with three Exhibitions titled “Music Beyond Borders”, Displays a total of 240 tools Thread, wind, gourd from the five continents. Its goal, according to Festifalk director, Jesús Sánchez, is “to add to the culture that the festival offers through music and dance, instruments that, in many cases, are real works of craftsmanship and which help us understand the history and life of the countries from which they came”. Samples will remain open until the next day 28 in parallel with offers Groups and singers such as Los Sabandeños or Carmen París.

The three galleries are part of A collection of nearly 5,000 instruments owned by the Loidi y Yarza family, from Eron. They are pieces for performing traditional, folk, ethnic and ritual music, and come from 175 countries on five continents called “Music You See”. The owners of this collection have held three exhibitions, with 80 instruments each, related to a specific theme. At Alcalá de la Selva they allow us to carry out “Around the World with 80 Instruments”; In Albarracín they show “The Art of the Bell Tower” and in Monreale del Campo they show “The Voices of Saffron”.


Exhibition “Around the World with 80 Instruments”, at Alcala de la Selva City Hall.

Jesus Sanchez noted that “these musical instruments allow us to see everything that distinguishes us from other countries and what makes each one unique; in short, music is an essential component of any society and that is what we wanted to emphasize on this 30th anniversary of Festifalk”.

“Around the World with 80 Tools”

Musical instruments are present, to a greater or lesser extent, on the five continents. Each of them can be divided into different musical zones or zones with their own instruments. Geographically separate peoples with disparate cultures came to build similar tools. Among the instruments on display at the Alcalá de la Selva, many of them were played by all social groups.

bell tower art

Bells are found in various cultures, ancient and modern. Its origin is difficult to determine, although the oldest examples correspond to Chinese bells dating back to the third millennium BC. Clapper bells made of pottery have been found at various archaeological sites. Later they became metal bells. An instrument of this kind did not appear in Europe until about s. Thirteenth. In the Netherlands, during s. XVII, perfected and disseminated, spreading to all areas of Western culture. There are two main types of bells: those with an inner clapper and those with an outer clap. The first group belongs to western church bells, small church bells – bells – and all kinds of “cow bells” for animals. Bells with an external percussion, generally with an independent clapper, are used in sub-Saharan Africa, in the countries of the Far East and in areas of America with African cultural influence.

Exhibition of machines from saffron-producing countries in Monreal del Campo.

An exhibition of machines from saffron-producing countries at the House of Culture in Monreal del Campo.

“Saffron Sounds”

The largest producers of saffron in the world are spread over a very wide geographical area. Six main countries: Iran, Spain, Morocco, India, Greece and Italy, in short, three continents, but with completely different music and instruments. Centaur reaches northern India and Greece (Sanduri). The Persian word ney (“reed”) is applied to various Psalms throughout the Middle East and North Africa. The North Indian sitar has a Persian name, although it differs in construction from the Persian sitar. Spain is famous for the guitar, although the instrument tradition relies mainly on flutes, dulzainas and bagpipe, accompanied by many types of drums and idiophones. Morocco is characterized by its tabbouleh, the bendir and the tariqah, as well as the gita or rabab soussi. Indian musical instruments are organized into four broad categories: the ghana (“hard”) is the idiophone; Avanada (“covered”) are the membranes; tata (“extended”) are the strings; susira (“tubular”) are aerosols.

In Greek folk music we find aerophones: the zorna, the kramotza and the pebiza, all of which are double reed instruments; gida, bagpipe with one stick; In addition to the clarinet, in addition to the ropes, which are typical of islands such as Cretan lyra to Sandori law. In the case of Italy it has four main regions of the musical style: the southern region and Sicily. Central Region; North; and Sardinia. Most of the traditional tools used remain confined to their local areas, although some tools enjoy nationwide use.


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